Pañcāṅga refers to the five limbs of time. The quality of time is defined by the pañcāṅga and these are ruled by the pañca devatā – Sūrya (agni), Durgā (jala), Gaṇeśa (pṛthvi), Rudra (vāyu) and Viṣṇu (ākāśa). The knowledge associated with these five limbs of time are symbolised by the five heads of Śiva (pañcānana) – Aghora (agni), Vāmadeva (jala), Sadyojāta (pṛthvi), Tatpuruṣa (vāyu) and Iśāna (ākāśa).
The head refers to understanding and knowledge coming from lights – Sun and Moon.
|Tithi||Moon Phase||Jala||Luni-solar day||Sun – Moon|
|Karaṇa||½ Moon Phase||Pṛthvi||Earth day||(Sun – Moon) ÷2|
|Ākāśa||Ākāśa||Yoga day||Sun + Moon|
This is the first video lecture on Pañcāṅga.