This is one of the two stotras that the MSP students have to learn to recite during MSP Year-1. Twelve stanza are the prayer and the last four are the prayoga.
The Gaṇarāja sādhanā for the first year is to be initiated with the teachings of Maharṣi Mudgala (Gaṇeśa Purāṇa).
The day Sūrya enters a rāśi is known as saṅkrānti. Parāśara tells us that those born on saṅkrānti are likely to suffer from poverty, sorrow and other misfortunes. To avoid this, the grahas must be pacified by performing Navagraha Pūjā and the specific Saṅkrānti Doṣa puja as laid down by the great sage.
Saṅkalpa in this context means a solemn vow or determination to perform any ritual observance. The declaration of purpose and intent. For example, a declaration to perform chaturmāsa vrata which is for four months or a simple religious observance for a day or two.
On the day of Śivarātri, one should get up early in the morning. Since we will be leaving by 4am, you must awaken at 2am and get ready.
You are required to observe a fast on the day of Mahā Śivarātri. The very detailed procedure is quite difficult to follow, for ordinary people and what is being advised is a simplified version or the bare-bones of what must be done. The moot point is that the entire day of Śivarātri is a day of penance for all that sins that cause rebirth cycles and one must atone for them else suffer rebirth and various hells in this life and after.
This puja will be done by the priest and you too will be doing this puja. Do not get anxious as you will be guided. All materials for the puja will be provided at Jageshwar dham. Those of you well versed in sanskrit can use this document to follow the prayers. They maybe be slightly different due to the regional variations.
Sattva (Devanāgarī सत्त्व) is the quality of purity and goodness. It is regarded in sāṁkhya philosophy as the highest of the three guṇa (i.e. among rajas, sattva and tamas) because it renders a person true, honest and wise. It makes things pure and clean. A guṇa is a constituent quality of prākṛti (nature) and this can be